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Use Standards Education to Stand Out

stand out with technical standards education what is a standard how are standards developed

Approximately 90% of all households in the United States use wireless services and an estimated $1.1 trillion is spent on wireless communications worldwide. But just three decades ago, none of the wireless technology we know today existed.

What started as a simple business need – wireless cash registers – became IEEE 802.11, the international standard commonly known as Wi-Fi®, established to get manufacturers and consumers involved in sharing compatible products.

Wi-Fi continues to push the boundaries of innovation decades after its inception. Think of all the devices you use every day that require Wi-Fi technology, from smart phones to solar panels, GPS navigation systems and more. With the addition of Wake-Up Radio, the groundbreaking new technology developed by the IEEE 802.11ba standards task group, wireless devices will have significantly improved battery life, driving innovation and exciting new applications.

“In a nutshell, standards fuel the development and implementation of technologies that influence and transform the way we live, work and communicate,” says Dr. Konstantinos Karachalios, Managing Director of the IEEE Standards Association. “Wi-Fi already underpins wireless networking applications around the world, such as wireless access to the internet from our offices and homes, but also from airports, hotels, restaurants, trains and even aircraft – and the number of devices that are connected wirelessly is expanding at a furious pace. The standard’s relevance has grown further with the emergence of new applications, such as smart grids and monitoring technologies in the healthcare industry.”

Beyond Wi-Fi

And Wi-Fi isn’t the only standard that affects our daily lives. Several thousands of standards support ongoing technological innovation and allow products to work seamlessly for consumers around the world.

IEEE’s standards-related activities contribute to innovations that define today’s technologies and future technologies, including creating and connecting smart cities worldwide, addressing electric power systems communications, and enabling secure vehicle-to-vehicle and vehicle-to-infrastructure wireless communications.

Standards Education

Mars Space Colony: A Game of Standardization from IEEE

Practicing engineers will encounter or use technical standards with great frequency. They’ll need to know about standards in advance of developing new products to ensure that performance, safety, and environmental factors are built in from the start.

This means engineers who understand standards before entering the workforce are more valuable. IEEE resources provide insight into what standards are and how to create them. To learn more about how understanding standards will help new engineers stand out to potential employers, watch Standing Out with Standards: Transition from University.

And be sure to check out Mars Space Colony: A Game of Standardization, an exciting, hands-on, team-building experience that teaches how standards are developed. The game is crafted by experts with 20+ years’ experience in high-stakes, real-world technical standards development.

Resources

Expert Interview: The importance of industry standards. European Patent Office.

(29 Dec 2017). Standing Out with Standards: Transition from University. IEEE Standards University.

(13 Oct 2017). IEEE Standards Fulfill the 2017 World Standards Day Theme: “Standards Make Cities Smarter”. Beyond Standards.

(27 Sept 2016). Standards Education: Strategic Standardization. IEEE Standards University.

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Understanding How Technical Standards are Made & Maintained

standards process IEEE standards universityStandards are used by people around the world, in various industries and professions. From healthcare, to education, energy, construction, environment, technology and more, published specifications and procedures help maximize the reliability of materials, products, methods, and services. Standards are the foundation for the development and implementation of technologies that transform the way we live, work and communicate.

IEEE is one of several Standards Development Organizations (SDOs), which develop and maintain standards. SDOs adhere to fair and equitable processes that ensure the highest quality outputs and reinforce the market relevance of standards.

The Standards Process

While the goals of each SDO are essentially the same, each organization has its own rules, processes and terminology.

IEEE uses a time-tested, effective and trusted process. The six stages of this process lifecycle are:

  1. Initiating the Project. A formal request is submitted by an individual or entity (known as a Sponsoring Body) for review and evaluation.
  2. Mobilizing the Working Group. Once the request is approved, the sponsor follows the SDO’s rules and processes to recruit and assemble a collaborative team (IEEE refers to this team as a “Working Group”) of volunteers to engage in active standards development.
  3. Drafting the Standard. The team members engage in meetings, draft and review position pieces, create and review presentations, examine data and engage in active discussion and debate to resolve outstanding issues. All this leads to the gradual definition of each standard, which is compiled into a draft standard that may undergo multiple revisions.
  4. Balloting the Standard. Once a draft standard has been finalized, reviewed and approved by the Working Group, it’s submitted to the sponsor who forms a balloting group consisting of persons interested in the standard. Group members will comment, discuss and then vote to approve the standard.
  5. Gaining Final Approval. The balloted draft is submitted to the Review Committee and then to the Standards Board for approval. Once it’s reviewed and accepted, the approved standard is published and made available for distribution and purchasing within a number of outlets, including through the SDO itself.
  6. Maintaining the Standard. Standards are “living documents,” which may be initially published and iteratively modified, corrected, adjusted and/or updated based on market conditions and other factors.

Mars Space Colony: A Game of Standardization

IEEE offers an exciting, hands-on, team-building experience that teaches how standards are developed. Check out Mars Space Colony: A Game of Standardization. It’s crafted by experts with 20+ years’ experience in high-stakes, real-world technical standards development.

Resources

The Standards Development Lifecycle. IEEE.

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A Solution to Latency in IoT Devices

IoT Latency Solution IEEE Wake-Up Radio

In 2016, a PwC survey of 1,000 U.S. consumers found:

  • 45% reported owning a fitness band
  • 27% a smartwatch
  • 12% smart clothing

Furthermore, 57% said they’re excited about the future of wearable technology as part of everyday life. In order for the full power of these devices to be realized, however, it is important to ensure that latency isn’t a problem.

The Latency Problem with Internet of Things (IoT) Devices

The challenge with IoT devices is that they run on batteries. This makes them convenient…no one wants to be tethered by a cord. But it also brings challenges. In order to preserve the lifespan of batteries, IoT devices systematically wake up from sleep mode to retrieve new information. The longer the device is asleep, the less power it consumes. This also means that there are fewer opportunities for information to be exchanged. This impacts the performance of the device, causing it to run slower (known as latency).

In today’s devices, low power consumption and low latency are in conflict with one another. Because of the advent of Internet of Things technologies, however, finding a low-power, low-latency solution is of the utmost importance.

IEEE Technology Report on Wake-Up Radio - Buy Now!The Most Viable Solutions to Latency

There is a great deal of research going on right now in the low-latency low-power field, with two dominant solutions emerging: Wake-Up Radio (created by IEEE 802.11ba standards working group) and Bluetooth Low Energy (Bluetooth Smart). In this context it’s worth noting that Bluetooth Low Energy is not the same as the Bluetooth prevalent in today’s consumer devices. Rather, it’s a new technology needs to be included in devices moving forward in order to take advantage of Bluetooth Low Energy.

Internet of Things device manufacturers must be cognizant of their options when it comes to these technologies. If your company is considering Internet of Things devices, it’s essential that you understand how Wake-Up Radio works, and how it may impact your products and your business, especially if the device will run on IEEE 802.11 (Wi-Fi®).

Based on work of the IEEE 802.11ba standards task group, the IEEE Technology Report on Wake-Up Radio highlights current and projected developments in this groundbreaking technology that allows devices to achieve low power and low latency at the same time, greatly reducing the frequent recharging or replacement of batteries. This report is especially useful for helping manufacturers analyze and prepare for the implementation of Wake-Up Radio when the standard is finalized within the next 2-3 years.

To purchase your copy of the IEEE Wake-Up Radio Report, click here. Or, contact an IEEE Content Specialist about an institutional purchase of the report.

Resources

16 Aug. 2016. IoT Facts and Figures. What’s the Big Data.

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Powering Predictive Maintenance

Powering Predictive Maintenance from IEEE Innovation at WorkPredictive maintenance is one of the most compelling use cases for the industrial Internet of Things (IIoT). In fact, according to IBM, predictive maintenance can prevent up to 70% of equipment breakdowns, and reduce downtime by as much as 50%.

In the IEEE Technology Report on Wake-Up Radio (IEEE, 2017), this use case is highlighted as one of the biggest market opportunities in the next five years, impacting industries such as shipping and logistics, process industries, discrete manufacturing, utilities, and healthcare. Even governments are taking advantage of predictive maintenance: The United States Department of Defense just announced that it will use C3 IoT’s platform to develop artificial intelligence tools for predictive maintenance of assets. (Dignan, 2017)

As organizations begin to take advantage of predictive maintenance, the practical matter of deployment comes into play. Not every device and sensor used for predictive maintenance can be wired. Wireless applications are numerous, and powering those deployments in a sustainable way is critical.

That’s where IEEE Wake-Up Radio comes into play. This upcoming standard, being developed by the IEEE 802.11ba standards task group, will significantly increase battery life in Internet of Things devices. The energy savings is significant, increasing the life of a single battery by years. This reduces costs even further for organizations that seek the benefits of predictive maintenance, both in terms of the cost of the batteries themselves, as well as in the man-hours needed to physically change the batteries. Depending on the number of devices and sensors deployed within an organization, the cost savings can be significant.

The development of predictive maintenance devices and sensors needs to take IEEE Wake-Up Radio into account when planning future devices. If the devices will be connected via 802.11 (Wi-Fi®), then IEEE Wake-Up Radio is required in order to stay competitive in a crowded market.

To learn more about IEEE Wake-Up Radio, check out the IEEE Technology Report on Wake-Up Radio, available now.

 

Resources

IEEE. (November 2017) IEEE Technology Report on Wake-Up Radio: An Application, Market, and Technology Impact Analysis of Low-Power/Low-Latency 802.11 Wireless LAN Interfaces. IEEE Educational Activities and IEEE Standards Association.

Dignan, L. (November 2017). C3 IoT Lands Department of Defense Deal for Aircraft Predictive Maintenance. ZDNet. 

 

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Powering the Industrial Internet of Things

Powering the Industrial Internet of ThingsThe Industrial Internet of Things (IIoT) has the potential to revolutionize industry. With use cases that promise to increase capacity and efficiency while lowering costs, IIoT technology is a smart investment that pays off quickly.

Some of the use cases that hold huge potential include predictive maintenance, which helps keep assets up and running, avoiding downtime and costly routine maintenance when it isn’t warranted. (Tracy, 2017) The safety of industrial spaces improves as sensors provide alerts about unsafe conditions. Assets can be tracked easily, making it easier to locate and move goods efficiently while monitoring inventory. Fleets can be deployed efficiently where they are needed, reducing overall resource consumption while maximizing impact. In short, IIoT devices and sensors can make it easier and more efficient to do business, creating safer, more productive environments.

IIoT devices and sensors often need to function in hostile environments, however, and can be expected to work 24/7. They are tucked away in hard-to-reach places and are increasingly smaller. Environmental conditions around the device or sensor can be very hot or cold, and sometimes humid or dusty. For example, machines may reach 150°C in a plastic packaging plant, or have to withstand freezing temperatures near a pipeline in Alaska. (Pasero, 2017) It is much more feasible to have devices that run on batteries, and those batteries need to last as long as possible. The challenge is that, while IIoT devices and sensors are often designed to last for 10-15 years, their batteries only last 2-3 years. Given that the IIoT market is expected to grow to 75.4 billion devices by 2025, that’s a lot of batteries that need charging and replacement. (Columbus, 2016)

Fortunately, there is a solution that can help to extend battery life in the Industrial Internet of Things. IEEE has just released the IEEE Technology Report on Wake-Up Radio. This technology, under development right now by the IEEE 802.11ba standards working group, can increase the battery life of an IIoT device by up to 94%. This can add years to the life of a battery, and in turn an Internet of Things device. The duty-cycled IEEE Wake-Up Radio is added to the device, which only wakes up the device when it is needed. By maintaining a longer sleep state, the battery lasts longer. The result is cost savings, improved efficiency, and longer device life.

The Industrial Internet of Things will continue to grow because it brings such powerful return on investment. But powering the Industrial Internet of Things must be planned for, in order to reap all of the benefits this technology can provide. IIoT device manufacturers need to plan now to integrate IEEE Wake-Up Radio into their devices, and the IEEE Technology Report has the information organizations need to gain this competitive advantage.

Order your copy of the IEEE Technology Report on Wake-Up Radio today, or request information about organizational pricing.

 

Resources

Philip, T. (April, 2017). The Top 5 Industrial IoT Use Cases. IBM Internet of Things Blog.

Pasero, D. (2017) Powering sensor nodes for industrial IoT. Power Electronics News.

Columbus, L. (November, 2016). Roundup of Internet of Things Forecasts and Market Estimates. Forbes.

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IEEE Wake-Up Radio Report: Order Your Copy Now

IEEE Wake-Up Radio Report will be released on 1 November, 2017

Click to see a preview version of the report.

On 1 November, 2017, IEEE releases the IEEE Technology Report on Wake-Up Radio. There has been an unprecedented amount of interest in this report, primarily because it solves a very real problem facing the Internet of Things: conserving battery life while maintaining high performance in Internet of Things devices over wireless networks. Technology companies and professionals that are developing Internet of Things devices that will run over 802.11 (Wi-Fi®) networks understand that what they will learn in this report is essential if they want their devices to be competitive in the white-hot Internet of Things market.

“IEEE Wake-Up radio is an add-on to the existing 802.11 radios that substantially improves power-saving performance of 802. It removes the need to compromise between power savings and latency. This makes the technology suitable for a new class of battery-powered devices. I’m excited to see what innovative applications emerge,” said Adrian Stephens, IEEE 802.11 Working Group Chair.

The report covers many of topics essential to IoT developers, including:

  • How IEEE Wake-Up Radio works
  • Economic impact
  • Market opportunities
  • Use cases and challenges
  • A comparison of IEEE Wake-Up Radio to other technologies
  • Specification framework

The result is a significant increase in battery life, which will have huge impacts on the types of IoT devices that can be developed, along with the environmental impact and use cases of those devices (and their batteries.)

“Energy conservation is a critical requirement for the billions of future networked devices exclusively dependent on battery power with a target operational lifetime in excess of five years. These devices will make up a substantial fraction of the Internet of Things market. IEEE 802.11ba aka Wake Up Radio is a key enabling energy conserving technology for the markets they will serve. This insightful report has been crafted to help you understand the potential of the technology and market,” said Paul Nikolich, Chair IEEE 802.

The IEEE Wake-Up Radio Report will be released this week. You can purchase a copy via IEEE Xplore here: http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/document/8055459/

or contact an IEEE Content Specialist about an institutional subscription to the report.

Don’t miss out on your chance to be one of the first to integrate this groundbreaking technology. Order your copy of the IEEE Wake-Up Radio Report today.

 

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Is Your IoT Device Harming the Environment?

IoT Environmental ImpactInternet of Things (IoT) devices will have significant environmental impact, both positive and negative. The IoT environmental impact is important to consider.

On the positive side, IoT devices can provide significant energy savings by, for example, turning on streetlights only when they’re needed or alerting water processing plants when there is a leak, saving precious natural resources.

Negative IoT Environmental Impact

There’s a dark side, though. For one thing, IoT devices will produce and send a significant amount of data. All that data will require energy as it passes through the network. On top of that, many of these devices will run on batteries. The more frequently batteries need to be replaced, the more batteries end up in landfills. Billions of “things” mean billions of batteries, which can cause a growing problem as our appetite for the IoT grows.

While we must consider a multi-faceted approach to offsetting the negative IoT environmental impact, one thing is clear: the less power an IoT device uses, the longer the battery lasts, and the better it is for the environment. IEEE Wake-Up Radio will allow IoT devices to use significantly less power, extending battery life from months to years. This reduces the number of batteries that wind up each year in landfills. And that makes a difference in the IoT environmental impact.

What is IEEE Wake-Up Radio?

Designed to work with IEEE 802.11 wireless networks, the IEEE Wake-Up Radio standard that is being developed by the 802.11ba standards task group will place a small, additional low power radio in IoT devices that will tell the main radio when it is needed. Only then does the main radio “wake-up” and use power. This solution significantly increases battery life.

With planning and strategic thinking, the energy savings of IoT devices will offset the negative environmental impact. IEEE Wake-Up Radio is one part of that strategy. IoT device manufacturers need to start planning now for their next generation IoT devices to offset environmental impact while creating a positive user experience.

The IEEE Technology Report on Wake-Up Radio, released on 1 November, 2017, and available now for pre-order, provides information on this technology in development by the IEEE 802.11ba standards task group. Every IoT device manufacturer needs to be aware of, and prepare for, this technology.

IEEE Technology Report on Wake-Up Radio provides:

  • An overview of IEEE 802.11ba Wake-Up Radio
  • Near-and long-term use cases
  • Market forecasts
  • A comparison of Wake-Up Radio to other technologies
  • A look at potential future developments

The IEEE Technology Report on Wake-Up Radio can give your organization a competitive edge. Pre-order your copy of the IEEE Technology Report on Wake-Up Radio today!

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How to Make IoT Batteries Last Longer

Make IoT Batteries Last Longer: IEEE Wake-Up Radio InfographicAnalyst firm Gartner predicts that there will be 8.4 billion connected “things” in 2017, which will then expand to 20.4 billion Internet of Things (IOT) devices by 2020. That number is staggering. And it is reasonable to expect that a great many of these devices will run on batteries. Yet battery life can be limited. How do we make IoT batteries last longer?

Consider the use cases:

  • Wearable medical devices that cannot be hard wired
  • Logistics sensors on vehicles, moving from place to place
  • Agricultural IoT devices in the middle of fields
  • Smart home consumer devices that are easier to install without hardwiring, increasing market adoption

…and these are just a few instances of the many IoT use cases that will require battery operated devices. Given the sheer number of devices, it is essential that IoT manufacturers create devices that have a long battery life while maintaining optimal performance. We must make IoT batteries last longer.

This is why the IEEE 802.11ba standards working group is developing the IEEE Wake-Up Radio standard. This technology has the potential to increase battery life in IoT devices from months to years. When you consider the cost of replacing 20.4 billion batteries (both the batteries themselves, as well as the time involved), this will have significant economic impact.

How it Works

IoT devices have an embedded radio that has to “wake up” in order for data to be transmitted. The longer the device is awake, the more power it consumes, but the higher the performance. To solve the power issue, a 2nd, low-power, duty-cycled Wake-Up Radio is added to the device that waits for transmissions. This Wake-Up Radio only wakes up the main device when it is needs to, allowing a longer device sleep state without compromising performance. Ensuring that the Wake-Up Radio uses duty cycling increases the battery life even more.

The result is a high-performance IoT device that last for years rather than months on a single battery.

The impact is clear. IoT devices that will run on IEEE 802.11 (Wi-Fi®) connections need IEEE Wake-Up Radio. Device manufacturers need this information now, in order to build this into their IoT devices of tomorrow.

IEEE Technology Report on Wake-Up Radio

To help IoT device manufacturers prepare for IEEE Wake-Up Radio even before the standard is released, IEEE is offering a technology report that outlines the technology, use cases, and more. The report will be released on 2 November, 2017, and is available for pre-sale now. Device manufacturers that begin planning for IEEE Wake-Up Radio now will have a competitive advantage, especially in consumer categories where IEEE 802.11 (Wi-Fi®) connections are ubiquitous. They will be able to make IoT batteries last longer in their devices.

Increasing battery life in IoT devices is essential. When it comes to devices that run on IEEE 802.11 (Wi-Fi®) connections, IEEE Wake-Up Radio is the solution. Pre-order the IEEE Technology Report on Wake-Up Radio now, and prepare your organization for a competitive advantage in the future.

 

References

Tung, L. (2017, Feb 7). IoT Devices Will Outnumber the World’s Population this Year for the First Time. ZDNet.

McCormick, D. (2017, Nov 2). 802.11ba Battery Life Improvement – Preview: IEEE Technology Report on Wake-Up Radio. IEEE Xplore.

 

 

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Significantly Improve Battery Life: IEEE Wake-Up Radio Infographic

IEEE Wake-Up Radio is a groundbreaking new technology being developed by the IEEE 802.11ba standards task group that will significantly extend the battery life of devices and sensors on wireless networks, particularly those that are part of the Internet of Things (IoT). The infographic below gives a high-level overview of this cutting-edge technology that will greatly improve battery life.

IEEE Wake-Up Radio infographic: Significantly improve battery life of Internet of Things devices with this low-power, high-performance solution

Ready to learn more about how to improve battery life in Internet of Things devices? Connect with an IEEE Content Specialist and pre-order your copy of the groundbreaking IEEE Technology Report on Wake-Up Radio today!

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